European countries’ border restrictions and travel measures

Updated: Oct 27, 2020

Albania — Commercial flights have resumed since June 15th. All EU nationals and residents are eligible to enter Albania at the moment.

The country can be reached with flights from Germany, Italy, the UK, Serbia, Austria, Greece and Turkey. Passengers at all terminals are expected to pass through a «disinfection tunnel» and undergo «body temperature measurement». Anyone with body temperature higher than 37.5°C «shall be interviewed by the company doctor».

Austria — no restrictions for Austrian green list’s countries

Entry from most EU+ countries (including UK, Vatican City, Ireland, Germany, Monaco, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland and San Marino) is allowed with no restrictions. There are restrictions for arrivals coming from parts of the Czech Republic, Croatia, France, Portugal, Spain and Bulgaria. In this case, travellers should either self-isolate for 10 days – at their own expense – or present a negative PCR test which is not older than 72 hours. Entry from third countries is prohibited though seasonal workers in the agricultural, forestry and tourism sectors may be exempt from this ban. More info can be found here, as well as an updated list of nationals allowed to enter Austria.

Belgium — quarantine/PCR test required for travellers from many European regions

Belgium is operating a traffic light system (red, orange and green zones) to denote travel restrictions, red being the most severe with travel to and from the countries listed strongly discouraged.

At the moment, most of Europe is a red zone, including Ireland, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands, Serbia, Albania and much of France, Spain and the United Kingdom. The majority of Germany is an orange zone, as is Italy, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Bulgaria and Greece.

The only green zone is currently Istria in Croatia. All passengers arriving in Belgium by air or sea must fill a «Public Health Passenger Locator Form» and hand it over to the border authorities.

Until November 7th, travellers arriving from red zones will not be obligated to be testing on arrival in Belgium unless they show coronavirus symptoms or depending on their answers to the Passenger Locator Form. Non-essential travel to and from outside the EU and Schengen countries remains prohibited.

Bosnia and Herzegovina — has reopened for tourism since July 16th

Bosnia opened borders on July 16th to EU and Schengen citizens carrying a negative coronavirus test not older than 48 hours. There is still a travel ban for all other foreign nationals, although people with special circumstances (like medical treatment, a business meeting, a funeral or who are in the company of a spouse that is a Bosnian national) may be allowed entry. However, a negative COVID-19 test may still be required.

Bulgaria — has welcomed back tourists from 46 countries without restrictions

Bulgaria opened its borders on June 1st to EU countries, the UK, San Marino, Andorra, Monaco, Vatican, Serbia and North Macedonia citizens, as well as to medical workers and family members of Bulgarian citizens, as listed on the government website.

Travellers from Algeria, Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, Morocco, New Zealand, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, Ukraine are allowed in too with no need to present a negative COVID-19 test.

The list of countries not subject to a travel ban or quarantine obligation is updated periodically and can be found here.

Arrivals from Serbia, Kosovo, Bosnia, North Macedonia, Albania, Kuwait, Moldova, Israel and any other third country must hand a negative COVID-19 test. Tourists from these countries must meanwhile submit a declaration acknowledging the have been informed of the country’s anti-epidemic measures and with risks associated with COVID-19 to health inspector at the border.

Croatia — Citizens of EU+ countries can travel without restrictions

Borders remain open to EU, UK, Switzerland, Norway, Liechtenstein, Andorra, San Marino, Monaco and Holy See citizens. This also includes the families of the mentioned nationals. However, entry from third countries may also be permitted for business, study and even tourism reasons, providing relevant documentation, listed here. In these cases, it is obligatory to present a negative PCR test that is not older than 48-hours upon arrival. Travellers who fail to present a test that fulfils these criteria must undergo a 14-day quarantine or pay for a further test at their own expense after seven days to shorten their quarantine period. The government has advised all travellers to fill an online form in order to shorten border checks.

Cyprus — many countries removed from the safe list

Cyprus resumed tourist travel on June 9th after closing its borders for almost three months.

Authorities have created three categories based on countries’ epidemiological situation, which detail if passengers from these destinations are allowed to enter and under what conditions. The lists are updated weekly by the Ministry of Health and can be found here. All passengers, regardless of their nationality, need to fill out a form called Cyprus Flight Pass within 24 hours before their flight departure.

List A: «Low-risk countries» (no restrictions)

These countries include Australia, Cyprus, Finland, Germany, South Korea, Latvia, New Zealand and Thailand.

List B: «Possibly low risk but greater uncertainty» (entry permitted with negative COVID-19 test)

Passengers coming from these countries need to test negative for the virus no later than 72 hours prior to their arrival and include: Canada, China, Denmark, Estonia, Greece, Holy See (Vatican City State), Hong Kong, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Rwanda, San Marino, Serbia, Sweden, United Kingdom and Uruguay.

List C: «Greater risk» (entry not permitted unless the traveller is Cyprus resident or is included in this list).

These countries are all those not listed above, including Portugal, Luxembourg, Romania and Montenegro.

Czech Republic — Another country added to the red list

EU countries have been divided into groups dependent on risk.

All EU member states except Spain are now in the low-risk green group, meaning travellers can enter the Czech Republic with no restrictions. They are joined by Andorra, Australia, Iceland, Japan, Canada, South Korea, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Norway, New Zealand, San Marino, Thailand, Tunisia, Switzerland, Vatican City and the UK.

Spain (excluding the Canary Islands which are in the low-risk group) is currently classified as «red» and tourists need to present a negative coronavirus test upon arrival.

Entry is prohibited to all other third-country nationals, except for cases listed here.

Denmark — countries added to the high-risk list

Denmark’s borders have been closing again to many European countries, but this is subject to change based on a set of health measures and analysis. Parts of the bordering areas in Sweden have also been reopened. The list of closed countries is updated weekly.

France, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom, Ireland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Bulgaria, Italy, Lithuania, Liechtenstein, Poland, Vatican City, Iceland and San Marino are among the high-risk countries on the ‘banned’ list as of October 17th. In order to enter, travellers must have a valid reason or a certificate proving a negative test taken no more than 72 hours prior to arrival.

Countries that are not on the banned list are as follows: Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia and Uruguay.

Estonia — opens to EU+ citizens

EU citizens, those in the Schengen area, the UK, Andorra, Mónaco, San Marino and the Vatican can now travel to Estonia if they are without symptoms.

Citizens from other countries not mentioned on this list will be subject to a 14-day quarantine.

Finland — changed its rating of the epidemiological situation

From September 11th, Finland allowed arrivals in without mandatory testing or quarantine when they are coming from a country with fewer than 25 cases per 100,000 people in the last fortnight.

Leisure travellers from all EU, Schengen countries, and the UK will be allowed in Finland from November 23rd, even with rates above the aforementioned amount. However, travellers will need to have proof of a negative COVID-19 test taken within the last 72 hours. They will also be quarantined 72 hours upon arrival and will need to take a second test. When this second negative result comes in, they will be able to travel around Finland freely.

On October 12nd, Cyprus, Latvia and Liechtenstein were removed from the safe list.

France — suggested voluntary quarantine for Spaniards and Britons

Travellers from EU member states as well as Australia, Canada, Georgia, Japan, New Zealand, Rwanda, Serbia, South Korea, Thailand, Tunisia, the United Kingdom and Uruguay had been allowed to visit the county without evidence of a COVID-19 test or any form of quarantine upon arrival.

All travellers must however now present a travel certificate stating their reasons for travel and a sworn statement to say they are not showing signs of COVID-19 infection, which can be downloaded from the French Ministry of Interior website.

Passengers arriving from any country of origin will be required to quarantine if they display symptoms.

Per the EU Council’s recommendation, France reopened its borders to 15 non-member states on July 1st.

Germany — new risk areas added

As of October 17th, a number of places have been added to risk areas.

The regions of Zagreb and Međimurska in Croatia; Ostrobothnia in Finland; Veszprém in Hungary; the whole of mainland France plus Martinique; the Mid-West South-West, Mid-East, West and Midlands of Ireland; Campania and Liguria in Italy; Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Małopolskie, Podlaski, Pomorskie and Świętokrzyskie in Poland; the Norte region of Portugal, Jugovzhodna Slovenija, Pomurska and Podravska in Slovenia; Jämtland, Örebro, Uppsala, Stockholm in Sweden; Fribourg, Jura, Neuchâtel, Nidwalden, Schwyz, Uri, Zürich und Zug in Switzerland; the East Midlands and West Midlands of the UK.

The whole of France, Malta, the Netherlands and Slovakia have also been added to the list.

Check this list for the full information. Anyone not coming from an area on the list can enter Germany with no restrictions.

Germany has offered to pay for the coronavirus test for people entering the country from high-risk regions in the first three days of their arrival.

Greece — tests necessary for some countries

Travellers from Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, the United Arab Emirates, Malta, Belgium, Spain, Russia, Albania and North Macedonia will be required to have negative COVID-19 test, performed up to 72 hours before their entry to Greece.

All travellers crossing Greece’s land borders will require evidence of a negative test carried out in the country of departure 72 hours prior to arrival in Greece.

Updated information on Greece’s travel restrictions can be found here, as well as the mandatory passenger locator form to be completed prior to arrival by all travellers.

Health screening is in place at Greek airports and ports, with travellers, particularly if arriving from anywhere outside of Europe, potentially needing to submit to a COVID-19 test.